Frequently Asked Questions
Faith Valley Waterfowl
Frequently asked questions....
Due to popular demand I am including a frequently asked questions page. This
is a page that will be added to as questions come in. Due to the fact that a lot of
youngsters read this site, I will not get technical in the answers; they will just be
straight forward, simple answers. I hope that you will enjoy using this page and
find it a great reference source. Frequently asked questions....
Patty Pickard, author of Youth's Guide to the World of Waterfowl. Make
sure to add a copy of this wonderful book to your poultry library.
Sinus infection (sinovitis)

Darrel Sheraw, Art Lundgren & Jane Edington would all recommend that you
use Baytril 1/2 tablet per day for 3 days. I have not had to deal with the sinus
infection lately. 2 years ago I did have a little one with a sinus problem, I used
tylon 50 injectable. I injected a drop or two into the sinus, then repeated it for a
total of 3 days. That did cure her, but it reacurred a month later so I culled her.

Sinus infections are caused by bacteria.

Prevention: change bath water daily & put a few drops of Chlorine or Oxine in
the water will help keep the bacteria down. It is not known if this is a contagious
thing or not. All of the breeders will disagree on this point. Adult calls tend to be
more resistant to it though.
How do you vent sex a gosling?

The only sure way to know the sex on an african gosling is to vent sex them. This
is a difficult procedure to explain over the internet, it is something best shown how
to do. Basically, you have to hold the bird upside down, and invert its vent. If it is
a boy, when the vent is inverted, the penis will pop out, if it is a girl, you will see a
small slit, but no penis will extend from the vent area. You can easily injure a
gosling or duckling by doing this procedure incorrectly.  This is best done by
someone who has been shown how.
Angel Wing

Angel wing is something that happens to young ducks/ geese.  It is believed to be
caused by 1 of 3 things: heredity, over crowding, or too high of a protein feed.
What happens is when the primary feathers start to come in, they extend out from
the body instead of laying against the body the way they should.  It is easy to
correct.  You need to purchase one inch waterproof tape. Have someone hold
the bird for you, put the wing feathers in the correct possition and then tape the
feathers in place. One rotation around the wing should do it.  

If both wings are affected, some have taped around the entire body of the duck.  
You need to be careful if you do this, because it is possible for the duck to get a
foot stuck under the tape.

Leave the bird taped for 4 to 5 days, then carefully remove the tape.  Let them
rest for the afternoon, and check them again.  If it worked - cool!!  if not, then
retape them for another 4-5 days.

*Note, It is important to catch this early, if you wait until the bones harden in the
outward position, you will not be able to fix it.
What does the term  "Show Quality" mean?

Everyone has their own definition of the term "Show Quality"  it means many
different things to many different people.  To me it means that a bird resembles its
breed closely enough that it can compete in a open poultry show and place well.  I
don't feel that it would have to win, but it better not get DQ'ed if it is advertised as
show quality.

You must keep in mind that no one can guarentee if a bird will do well in a show or
not.  No one can know that.  You can say, that the parent stock has placed such
and such, so the genetic material is present within the bird for it to have the
potential to do well,  but you cant guraentee how it will do,  so much hinges on how
it is fed and housed.

The other thing to remember is that if some one had that perfect show bird, they
wouldn't be selling it.  The majority of the birds that are sold have one defect or
another.  The fun is in matching up the breeding pens, based on the strengths
and weaknesses of each bird.  Now the offspring, is where your show stock will
come out of.  If you are the breeder, then you get the first pick of the litter so to
speak.

Are hatchery birds good ?

I would have to ask why you bought them, what was their purpose?  If you want to
show them, then you might will be disappointed; a hatchery bird is always going to
be a hatchery bird.  If you purchased them to graze in your yard or for the pure
enjoyment of them as pets, then hatchery stock will be fine for that purpose.

You see Hatcheries make their money on selling day olds, so the more they turn
out the more money they make, and they aren't concerned about perfecting the
breed or trying to make it as close to the Standard as they can;  it is a number's
game.  They sell healthy birds that are fine for the enjoyment of farm life.  It is
possible to turn out a bird that will do well on the show floor, but the odds of it are
pretty slim.

Breeders are concerned about getting the bird as close to the standard as they
can, they don't mass produce to sell in numbers.  Many breeders won't even sell
day- olds; you would hate to sell that potential show champion.  

You see the biggest difference is that breeders will specialize in a couple breeds,
putting all of their time, and resources into just a few breeds; whereas, the
hatcheries have many breeds, so their time and resources are spread pretty thinly
across many many breeds.

So to answer this question, if the purpose of the bird is for enjoyment at home,
then the hatchery purchased day-old is a nice option; but, if the purpose of the
bird is to compete at poultry shows then you would be best to purchase from a
reputable breeder of that particular breed of waterfowl or land fowl.